Positive- and negative peer modelling effects on young children's consumption of novel blue foods.



Greenhalgh, Janette ORCID: 0000-0003-4812-1904, Dowey, Alan J, Horne, Pauline J, Fergus Lowe, C, Griffiths, John H and Whitaker, Chris J
(2009) Positive- and negative peer modelling effects on young children's consumption of novel blue foods. Appetite, 52 (3). 646 - 653.

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Abstract

<h4>Objective</h4>The effects of positive- and negative peer modelling on children's consumption of a novel blue food, presented in each of four snack meals during an "activity" day, were evaluated. It was predicted that: (i) novel food consumption would increase after positive modelling, but decrease after negative modelling; (ii) modelling effects would generalise to a second novel blue food when participants were alone when they ate their snack; (iii) that positive modelling would reverse the effects of negative modelling.<h4>Design</h4>A mixed design was employed with random assignment to either Groups A, B, or C (equal numbers of males and females per group). Within groups, each participant received the novel food on four snack occasions. Group A received positive modelling of blue food consumption on the first and third occasions, but were alone when they received the foods on the second and fourth occasions; Group B had negative modelling on the first occasion, positive modelling on the third, and ate alone on the second and fourth; Group C ate alone on all four occasions. To measure generalisation, an additional blue food was presented in all second and fourth "alone" occasions.<h4>Participants</h4>Thirty-five 5-7-year olds took part in Study 1, and 44 3-4-year olds in Study 2.<h4>Results</h4>All main predictions were confirmed except that positive peer modelling did not reverse the effects of negative modelling in the 3-4-year olds.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Negative peer modelling inhibits novel food consumption, and its effects are particularly difficult to reverse in younger children.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Predictive Value of Tests, Food Preferences, Health Behavior, Peer Group, Health Education, Eating, Models, Psychological, Child, Child, Preschool, Health Promotion, Female, Male, Child Nutrition Sciences
Subjects: ?? BF ??
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Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2009 16:10
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2021 17:13
DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2009.02.016
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/1182