The computational complexity of approximation of partition functions

McQuillan, Colin
The computational complexity of approximation of partition functions. Doctor of Philosophy thesis, University of Liverpool.

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This thesis studies the computational complexity of approximately evaluating partition functions. For various classes of partition functions, we investigate whether there is an FPRAS: a fully polynomial randomised approximation scheme. In many of these settings we also study “expressibility”, a simple notion of defining a constraint by combining other constraints, and we show that the results cannot be extended by expressibility reductions alone. The main contributions are: -� We show that there is no FPRAS for evaluating the partition function of the hard-core gas model on planar graphs at fugacity 312, unless RP = NP. -� We generalise an argument of Jerrum and Sinclair to give FPRASes for a large class of degree-two Boolean #CSPs. -� We initiate the classification of degree-two Boolean #CSPs where the constraint language consists of a single arity 3 relation. -� We show that the complexity of approximately counting downsets in directed acyclic graphs is not affected by restricting to graphs of maximum degree three. -� We classify the complexity of degree-two #CSPs with Boolean relations and weights on variables. -� We classify the complexity of the problem #CSP(F) for arbitrary finite domains when enough non-negative-valued arity 1 functions are in the constraint language. -� We show that not all log-supermodular functions can be expressed by binary logsupermodular functions in the context of #CSPs.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy)
Additional Information: Date: 2013-09 (completed)
Subjects: ?? QA75 ??
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2014 12:07
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2022 04:39
DOI: 10.17638/00012893