Photobleaching of red fluorescence in oral biofilms

Hope, CK ORCID: 0000-0003-2986-0824, de Jong, E de Josselin, Field, MRT, Valappil, SP ORCID: 0000-0001-9646-8406 and Higham, SM ORCID: 0000-0002-4097-4702
(2011) Photobleaching of red fluorescence in oral biofilms. JOURNAL OF PERIODONTAL RESEARCH, 46 (2). pp. 228-234.

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<h4>Background and objective</h4>Many species of oral bacteria can be induced to fluoresce due to the presence of endogenous porphyrins, a phenomenon that can be utilized to visualize and quantify dental plaque in the laboratory or clinical setting. However, an inevitable consequence of fluorescence is photobleaching, and the effects of this on longitudinal, quantitative analysis of dental plaque have yet to be ascertained.<h4>Material and methods</h4>Filter membrane biofilms were grown from salivary inocula or single species (Prevotella nigrescens and Prevotella intermedia). The mature biofilms were then examined in a custom-made lighting rig comprising 405 nm light-emitting diodes capable of delivering 220 W/m(2) at the sample, an appropriate filter and a digital camera; a set-up analogous to quantitative light-induced fluorescence digital. Longitudinal sets of images were captured and processed to assess the degradation in red fluorescence over time.<h4>Results</h4>Photobleaching was observed in all instances. The highest rates of photobleaching were observed immediately after initiation of illumination, specifically during the first minute. Relative rates of photobleaching during the first minute of exposure were 19.17, 13.72 and 3.43 arbitrary units/min for P. nigrescens biofilms, microcosm biofilm and P. intermedia biofilms, respectively.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Photobleaching could be problematic when making quantitative measurements of porphyrin fluorescence in situ. Reducing both light levels and exposure time, in combination with increased camera sensitivity, should be the default approach when undertaking analyses by quantitative light-induced fluorescence digital.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: First published online: 28 December 2010. Additional citation information : Issue 2, April 2011. Cited as : Hope, C. K., de Josselin de Jong, E., Field, M. R. T., Valappil, S. P. and Higham, S. M. (2011), Photobleaching of red fluorescence in oral biofilms. Journal of Periodontal Research, 46: 228–234. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2010.01334.x . Online version of published article includes additional supporting information.
Uncontrolled Keywords: oral biofilm, plaque, fluorescence, quantitative light-induced fluorescence digital, porphyrin, photobleaching
Subjects: ?? RK ??
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Life Courses and Medical Sciences > School of Dentistry
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2011 17:01
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2022 02:51
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2010.01334.x
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