Micro-computed tomography for high resolution soft tissue imaging; applications in the normal and failing heart

Stephenson, Robert
Micro-computed tomography for high resolution soft tissue imaging; applications in the normal and failing heart. PhD thesis, The University of Liverpool.

[img] Text
StephensonRob_Sep2013_17313.pdf.pdf - Submitted version
Access to this file is embargoed until Unspecified.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (24MB)
[img] Text
StephensonRob_Sep2013_17313_(abridged_version).pdf - Author Accepted Manuscript
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (16MB)


The normal structure and function of the heart, the common pathological changes that cause abnormal function and the interventions proposed to improve or restore its function are fundamentally based on cardiac anatomy. Therefore in all these areas a detailed and accurate understanding of 3D structure is essential. However there is still disparity over some aspects of the form and function of the healthy heart. Furthermore, in heart failure (HF) the transition from compensated to decompensated HF is poorly understood, and details of ventricular, and particularly atrial, remodelling and their effects on cardiac function are yet to be fully elucidated. In addition little is known on how the 3D morphology of the cardiac conduction system is affected in disease, and further knowledge is required on the structural substrates for arrhythmogenesis associated with HF. Here we have developed contrast enhanced micro-CT for soft tissue imaging, allowing non-invasive high resolution (~5 µm attainable) differentiation of multiple soft tissue types including; muscle, connective tissue and fat. Micro-CT was optimised for imaging of whole intact mammalian hearts and from these data we reveal novel morphological and anatomical detail in healthy hearts and in hearts after experimental HF (volume and pressure overload). Remodelling of the myocardium in HF was dramatic with significant hypertrophy and dilatation observed in both atria and ventricles. The atria showed a 67% increase in myocardial volume, with the left atrium showing a 93% increase. The pectinate muscle: wall thickness ratio was significantly increased in both atria (p=

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: Date: 2013-09 (completed)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Micro-computed Tomography, Imaging, X-rays, Non-destructive, Iodine staining, Contrast enhanced, Heart failure, Myocardium, Cardiac conduction system, Fibre orientation
Subjects: ?? RC ??
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2014 08:39
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2022 04:42
DOI: 10.17638/00017313
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/17313