Cellular memory of hypoxia elicits neuroblastoma metastasis and enables invasion by non-aggressive neighbouring cells

Herrmann, Anne ORCID: 0000-0002-0858-419X, Rice, M, Levy, Raphael ORCID: 0000-0001-5728-0531, Moss, Diana, Losty, Paul ORCID: 0000-0003-0841-5879 and See, Violaine ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-8381
(2015) Cellular memory of hypoxia elicits neuroblastoma metastasis and enables invasion by non-aggressive neighbouring cells. Oncogenesis, 4 (2). e138-.

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Therapies targeting cancer metastasis are challenging owing to the complexity of the metastatic process and the high number of effectors involved. Although tumour hypoxia has previously been associated with increased aggressiveness as well as resistance to radio- and chemotherapy, the understanding of a direct link between the level and duration of hypoxia and the individual steps involved in metastasis is still missing. Using live imaging in a chick embryo model, we have demonstrated that the exposure of neuroblastoma cells to 1% oxygen for 3 days was capable of (1) enabling cell migration towards blood vessels, (2) slowing down their velocity within blood vessels to facilitate extravasation and (3) promoting cell proliferation in primary and secondary sites. We have shown that cells do not have to be hypoxic anymore to exhibit these acquired capabilities as a long-term memory of prior hypoxic exposure is kept. Furthermore, non-hypoxic cells can be influenced by neighbouring hypoxic preconditioned cells and be entrained in the metastatic progression. The acquired aggressive phenotype relies on hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-dependent transcription of a number of genes involved in metastasis and can be impaired by HIF inhibition. Altogether, our results demonstrate the need to consider both temporal and spatial tumour heterogeneity because cells can 'remember' an earlier environment and share their acquired phenotype with their close neighbours. As a consequence, it is necessary to monitor the correct hypoxic markers to be able to predict the consequences of the cells' history on their behaviour and their potential response to therapies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: First published in Oncogenesis (2015) 4, e138; doi:10.1038/oncsis.2014.52; published online 9 February 2015
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2015 10:35
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2023 05:21
DOI: 10.1038/oncsis.2014.52
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/2008075