Implications of theTriple Helix Model in Peshawar, Pakistan a case study of the Entrepreneurship Development Centre (EDC) IMSciences

Khan, Romy
Implications of theTriple Helix Model in Peshawar, Pakistan a case study of the Entrepreneurship Development Centre (EDC) IMSciences. Master of Philosophy thesis, University of Liverpool.

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The study aims to explore existing university-industry-government linkages in Peshawar, Pakistan and study the factors that determine these linkages. Furthermore, the research examines the extent to which university-industry-government collaboration can address regional industrial problems and promote economic growth. Hence, the quest is to seek a model that not only enhances innovation in the region but also improves industrial competitiveness. Therefore, Etzkowitz’s Triple Helix model, based on academia-industry-government collaboration, provides the intellectual context for this research. As universities have a crucial role to promote innovation and stimulate economic development, the study begins by examining the different roles that emerge in different areas. In this regard, the university’s traditional role of teaching and education has evolved to the present focus on knowledge production. Secondly, a systematic literature review is undertaken of studies in developed, developing and newly developed countries to examine how the Triple Helix model is operationalised in these regions. The literature review then guided the primary research which examines how the model could work in Peshawar, Pakistan. Primary data were collected with the aim of establishing the extent to which university-industry-government linkages existed in the region. A case study of the Entrepreneurship Development Centre (EDC) at IMSciences was selected because the centre had already initiated U-I-G linkages to some extent in Peshawar. The study uses semi-structured interviews and a narrative approach; with descriptive and analytical approaches to investigate the nature of university-industry and government linkages in Peshawar. Research findings suggest that university-industry-government linkages are too weak. Moreover, the EDC needs funds to sustain its activities; government level support for research funds and industrial recognition of the centre’s potential as a well-developed mechanism for U-I-G linkages. Furthermore, the Triple Helix model cannot be implemented in its original form for many reasons. To overcome these challenges, the study recommends that the EDC should first develop strategic partnerships with government and industry that could be mutually beneficial. IMSciences through EDC should adopt the third mission of academia, i.e. innovation-based economic development and should engage in research and development that transforms the region into a knowledge-based economy. The model must be modified to make it functional in Peshawar. The Small and Medium Enterprise authority (SMEDA) should be included as an intermediary in bridging the gap among university-industry-government collaboration. Moreover, a more conscious, evolutionary approach is recommended for the implementation of the model in Peshawar.

Item Type: Thesis (Master of Philosophy)
Additional Information: Date: 2014-09-30 (completed)
Subjects: ?? H1 ??
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2015 07:13
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2022 01:38
DOI: 10.17638/02010439