Development and validation of a measure of perceived relative deprivation in childhood



Wickham, Sophie, Shevlin, Mark and Bentall, Richard P
(2013) Development and validation of a measure of perceived relative deprivation in childhood. Personality and Individual Differences, 55 (4). pp. 399-405.

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Abstract

Childhood adversity is known to impact psychological functioning and physical health in later life, but research into the mechanisms responsible has been impeded by the absence of a suitable retrospective measure of perceived relative deprivation in childhood. We developed and validated scores of the Perceived Inequality in Childhood Scale (PICS). In total, 683 students from Liverpool University, Liverpool Hope University and the University of East London were sampled by means of online methods. The data were separated using odd–even methods and an exploratory factor analysis identified a 2 factor solution: perceived relative deprivation (12 items) and family social capital (4 items). The measure was then subjected to confirmatory factor analysis and a 3 factor structure was revealed. The scale was further validated against Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) scores of childhood addresses. The PICS is a brief, practical scale suitable for both small and large-scale research studies.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2015 15:00
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2022 02:39
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2013.03.014
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/2013525