Development of advanced radiation monitors for pulsed neutron fields

Manessi, Giacomo Paolo
Development of advanced radiation monitors for pulsed neutron fields. PhD thesis, University of Liverpool.

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The need of radiation detectors capable of efficiently measuring in pulsed neutron fields is attracting widespread interest since the 60s. The efforts of the scientific community substantially increased in the last decade due to the increasing number of applications in which this radiation field is encountered. This is a major issue especially at particle accelerator facilities, where pulsed neutron fields are present because of beam losses at targets, collimators and beam dumps, and where the correct assessment of the intensity of the neutron fields is fundamental for radiation protection monitoring. LUPIN is a neutron detector that combines an innovative acquisition electronics based on logarithmic amplification of the collected current signal and a special technique used to derive the total number of detected neutron interactions, which has been specifically conceived to work in pulsed neutron fields. Due to its special working principle, it is capable of overcoming the typical saturation issues encountered in state-of-the-art detectors, which suffer from dead time losses and often heavily underestimate the true neutron interaction rate when employed for routine radiation protection measurements. This thesis presents a comprehensive study into the design, optimisation and operation of two versions of LUPIN, based on different active gases. In addition, two other devices, a beam loss monitor and a neutron spectrometer, which have been built using LUPIN’s acquisition electronics, are also discussed in detail. Experimental results obtained in a number of facilities where the detectors have been exposed to most diverse and extreme conditions are shown in order to demonstrate the superior instrument performance in a critical assessment with commercial devices commonly employed for personnel and machine protection.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: Date: 2015-06-22 (completed)
Subjects: ?? QC ??
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2016 16:37
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2022 01:27
DOI: 10.17638/02014319