Phenotypic and functional analyses show stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cells better mimic fetal rather than adult hepatocytes



Baxter, Melissa, Withey, Sarah, Harrison, Sean, Segeritz, Charis-Patricia, Zhang, Fang, Atkinson-Dell, Rebecca, Rowe, Cliff, Gerrard, Dave T, Sison-Young, Rowena, Jenkins, Roz ORCID: 0000-0002-3730-1136
et al (show 11 more authors) (2015) Phenotypic and functional analyses show stem cell-derived hepatocyte-like cells better mimic fetal rather than adult hepatocytes. Journal of Hepatology, 62 (3). 581 - 589.

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Abstract

Background & Aims Hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs), differentiated from pluripotent stem cells by the use of soluble factors, can model human liver function and toxicity. However, at present HLC maturity and whether any deficit represents a true fetal state or aberrant differentiation is unclear and compounded by comparison to potentially deteriorated adult hepatocytes. Therefore, we generated HLCs from multiple lineages, using two different protocols, for direct comparison with fresh fetal and adult hepatocytes. Methods Protocols were developed for robust differentiation. Multiple transcript, protein and functional analyses compared HLCs to fresh human fetal and adult hepatocytes. Results HLCs were comparable to those of other laboratories by multiple parameters. Transcriptional changes during differentiation mimicked human embryogenesis and showed more similarity to pericentral than periportal hepatocytes. Unbiased proteomics demonstrated greater proximity to liver than 30 other human organs or tissues. However, by comparison to fresh material, HLC maturity was proven by transcript, protein and function to be fetal-like and short of the adult phenotype. The expression of 81% phase 1 enzymes in HLCs was significantly upregulated and half were statistically not different from fetal hepatocytes. HLCs secreted albumin and metabolized testosterone (CYP3A) and dextrorphan (CYP2D6) like fetal hepatocytes. In seven bespoke tests, devised by principal components analysis to distinguish fetal from adult hepatocytes, HLCs from two different source laboratories consistently demonstrated fetal characteristics. Conclusions HLCs from different sources are broadly comparable with unbiased proteomic evidence for faithful differentiation down the liver lineage. This current phenotype mimics human fetal rather than adult hepatocytes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human embryonic stem cell, Embryo, Hepatic, Liver, Hepatotoxicity
Subjects: ?? RM ??
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2015 08:29
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2021 19:14
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhep.2014.10.016
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/2015580