<i>In vitro</i> susceptibility of contagious ovine digital dermatitis associated <i>Treponema</i> spp. isolates to antimicrobial agents in the UK

Angell, Joseph W, Clegg, Simon R, Sullivan, Leigh E, Duncan, Jennifer S ORCID: 0000-0002-1370-3085, Grove-White, Dai H ORCID: 0000-0002-5969-5535, Carter, Stuart D ORCID: 0000-0002-3585-9400 and Evans, Nicholas J ORCID: 0000-0002-2950-1007
(2015) <i>In vitro</i> susceptibility of contagious ovine digital dermatitis associated <i>Treponema</i> spp. isolates to antimicrobial agents in the UK. VETERINARY DERMATOLOGY, 26 (6). 484-+.

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<h4>Background</h4>Contagious ovine digital dermatitis (CODD) is an important cause of infectious lameness in sheep in the UK and Ireland and has a severe impact on the welfare of affected individuals. The three treponemal phylogroups Treponema medium/Treponema vincentii-like, Treponema phagedenis-like and Treponema pedis spirochaetes have been associated with clinical CODD lesions and are considered to be a necessary cause of disease. There are scant data on the antimicrobial susceptibility of the treponemes cultured from CODD lesions.<h4>Objective</h4>The aim of this study was to determine in vitro the miniumum inhibitory concentration/ minimum bactericidal concentration (MIC/MBC) of antimicrobials used in the sheep industry for isolates of the three CODD associated treponeme phylogroups T. medium/T. vincentii-like, T. phagedenis-like and T. pedis.<h4>Animals</h4>Twenty treponeme isolates; from 19 sheep with clinical CODD lesions.<h4>Methods</h4>A microdilution method was used to determine in vitro the MIC/MBC of 10 antimicrobial agents for 20 treponeme isolates (five T. medium/T. vincentii-like, 10 T. phagedenis-like and five T. pedis). The antimicrobials tested were penicillin G, amoxicillin, oxytetracycline, tilmicosin, lincomycin, spectinomycin, tylosin, tildipirosin, tulathromycin and gamithromycin.<h4>Results</h4>The treponeme isolates tested showed low MICs and MBCs to all 10 antimicrobials tested. They were most susceptible to gamithromycin and tildipirosin (MIC90: 0.0469 mg/L), and were least susceptible to lincomycin, spectinomycin and oxytetracycline (MIC90: 48 mg/L, 24 mg/L and 3 mg/L, respectively).<h4>Conclusions</h4>These data are comparable to in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility data for treponemes cultured from bovine digital dermatitis lesions. Dependent on local licensing, penicillin and tilmicosin appear to be the best candidates for future in vivo studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals, Sheep, Treponema, Treponemal Infections, Sheep Diseases, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Digital Dermatitis, United Kingdom
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Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2015 14:13
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2023 06:56
DOI: 10.1111/vde.12269
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/2040920