New Polyurethane/Docosane Microcapsules as Phase-Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage

De Castro, Paula Felix and Shchukin, Dmitry G ORCID: 0000-0002-2936-804X
(2015) New Polyurethane/Docosane Microcapsules as Phase-Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 21 (31). pp. 11174-11179.

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Polyurethane microcapsules were prepared by mini-emulsion interfacial polymerization for encapsulation of phase-change material (n-docosane) for energy storage. Three steps were followed with the aim to optimize synthesis conditions of the microcapsules. First, polyurethane microcapsules based on silicone oil core as an inert template with different silicone oil/poly(ethylene glycol)/4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate wt % ratio were synthesized. The surface morphology of the capsules was analyzed by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and the chemical nature of the shell was monitored by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Capsules with the silicone oil/poly(ethylene glycol)/4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate 10/20/20 wt % ratio showed the best morphological features and shell stability with average particle size about 4 μm, and were selected for the microencapsulation of the n-docosane. In the second stage, half of the composition of silicone oil was replaced with n-docosane and, finally, the whole silicone oil content was replaced with docosane following the same synthetic procedure used for silicone oil containing capsules. Thermal and cycling stability of the capsules were investigated by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and the phase-change behavior was evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: encapsulation, energy capsules, microcapsules, n-docosane, phase-change materials
Subjects: ?? QD ??
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2016 12:01
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2022 04:44
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201500666
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