Nationalism and orthodoxy: Nichifor Crainic and the political culture of the extreme right in 1930s Romania



Clark, Roland
(2012) Nationalism and orthodoxy: Nichifor Crainic and the political culture of the extreme right in 1930s Romania. Nationalities Papers, 40 (1). pp. 107-126.

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Abstract

<jats:p>This article explores the interplay of religion, anti-Semitism, and personal rivalries in building the ultra-nationalist movement in 1930s Romania, using the career of Nichifor Crainic as a case study. As a theologian, Crainic created and taught a synthesis of nationalism and Romanian Orthodoxy which was broadly accepted by most ultra-nationalists in interwar Romania. As a journalist, Crainic directed several newspapers which spearheaded acrimonious attacks on democratic and ultra-nationalist politicians alike. As a politician, he joined and left both Corneliu Zelea Codreanu's Legion of the Archangel Michael and A.C. Cuza's National Christian Defense League before attempting to form his own Christian Workers’ Party. Crainic's writings ultimately earned him a place as a minister in two governments and membership of the Romanian Academy. His career reveals an ultra-nationalist movement rife with division and bickering but united around a vaguely defined ideology of religious nationalism, xenophobia, and anti-Semitism.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 4408 Political Science, 50 Philosophy and Religious Studies, 44 Human Society
Subjects: ?? DR ??
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2016 11:03
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 19:09
DOI: 10.1080/00905992.2011.633076
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/2048785