Ageing-induced changes in the redox status of peripheral motor nerves imply an effect on redox signalling rather than oxidative damage

McDonagh, B ORCID: 0000-0003-2534-4427, Scullion, SM, Vasilaki, A ORCID: 0000-0002-5652-0895, Pollock, N ORCID: 0000-0002-4969-5486, McArdle, A and Jackson, MJ ORCID: 0000-0003-3683-8297
(2016) Ageing-induced changes in the redox status of peripheral motor nerves imply an effect on redox signalling rather than oxidative damage. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 94. pp. 27-35.

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Ageing is associated with loss of skeletal muscle fibres, atrophy of the remaining fibres and weakness. These changes in muscle are accompanied by disruption of motor neurons and neuromuscular junctions although the direct relationship between the nerve and muscle degeneration is not understood. Oxidative changes have been implicated in the mechanisms leading to age-related loss of muscle mass and in degeneration of the central nervous system, but little is known about age-related changes in oxidation in specific peripheral nerves that supply muscles that are affected by ageing. We have therefore examined the sciatic nerve of old mice at an age when loss of tibialis anterior muscle mass and function is apparent. Sciatic nerve from old mice did not show a gross increase in oxidative damage, but electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) studies indicated an increase in the activity of superoxide and/or peroxynitrite in the nerves of old mice at rest that was further exacerbated by electrical stimulation of the nerve to activate muscle contractions. Proteomic analyses indicated that specific redox-sensitive proteins are increased in content in the nerves of old mice that may reflect an adaptation to regulate the increased superoxide/peroxynitrite and maintain redox homoeostasis. Analysis of redox active cysteines showed some increase in reversible oxidation in specific proteins in nerves of old mice, but this was not universally seen across all redox-active cysteines. Detailed analysis of the redox-active cysteine in one protein in the nerve of old mice that is key to redox signalling (Peroxiredoxin 6, Cys 47) showed a minor increase in reversible oxidation that would be compatible with a change in its redox signalling function. In conclusion, the data presented indicate that sciatic nerve from old mice does not show a gross increase in oxidative damage similar to that seen in the TA and other muscles that it innervates. Our results indicate an adaptation to increased oxidation with minor changes in the oxidation of key cysteines that may contribute to defective redox signalling in the nerve.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Muscle, Skeletal, Neuromuscular Junction, Peripheral Nerves, Sciatic Nerve, Animals, Humans, Mice, Nerve Degeneration, Superoxides, Cysteine, Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Proteomics, Oxidation-Reduction, Oxidative Stress, Aging, Peroxiredoxin VI, Muscle Fibers, Skeletal
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2016 10:05
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2022 04:56
DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2016.02.008
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