Controlling Phase Assemblage in a Complex Multi‐Cation System: Phase‐Pure Room Temperature Multiferroic (1−x)BiTi(1−y)/2FeyMg(1−y)/2O3–xCaTiO3



Mandal, Pranab, Pitcher, Michael J ORCID: 0000-0003-2044-6774, Alaria, Jonathan ORCID: 0000-0001-5868-0318, Niu, Hongjun, Zanella, Marco ORCID: 0000-0002-6164-6169, Claridge, John B ORCID: 0000-0003-4849-6714 and Rosseinsky, Matthew J ORCID: 0000-0002-1910-2483
(2016) Controlling Phase Assemblage in a Complex Multi‐Cation System: Phase‐Pure Room Temperature Multiferroic (1−x)BiTi(1−y)/2FeyMg(1−y)/2O3–xCaTiO3. ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, 26 (15). 2523 - 2531.

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Abstract

A room temperature magnetoelectric multiferroic is of interest as, e.g., magnetoelectric random access memory. Bulk samples of the perovskite (1−x)BiTi(1−y)/2FeyMg(1−y)/2O3–xCaTiO3 (BTFM–CTO) are simultaneously ferroelectric, weakly ferromagnetic, and magnetoelectric at room temperature. In BTFM–CTO, the volatility of bismuth oxide, and the complex subsolidus reaction kinetics, cause the formation of a microscopic amount of ferrimagnetic spinel impurity, which complicates the quantitative characterization of their intrinsic magnetic and magnetoelectric properties. Here, a controlled synthesis route to single‐phase bulk samples of BTFM–CTO is devised and their intrinsic properties are determined. For example, the composition x = 0.15, y = 0.75 shows a saturated magnetization of 0.0097μB per Fe, a linear magnetoelectric susceptibility of 0.19(1) ps m−1, and a polarization of 66 μC cm−2 at room temperature. The onset of weak ferromagnetism and linear magnetoelectric coupling are shown to coincide with the onset of bulk long‐range magnetic order by neutron diffraction. The synthesis strategy developed here will be invaluable as the phase diagram of BTFM–CTO is explored further, and as an example for the synthesis of other compositionally complex BiFeO3‐related materials.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ferroelectrics, magnetic impurities, magnetoelectric, power nutron diffraction, room temperature multiferroics
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2016 14:12
Last Modified: 17 May 2021 23:11
DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201504911
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3000570