Experiments on low Reynolds number turbulent flow through a square duct



Owolabi, BE, Poole, RJ ORCID: 0000-0001-6686-4301 and Dennis, DJC ORCID: 0000-0003-0214-7885
(2016) Experiments on low Reynolds number turbulent flow through a square duct. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 789. 398 - 410.

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Abstract

Previous experimental studies on turbulent square duct flow have focused mainly on high Reynolds numbers for which a turbulence-induced eight-vortex secondary flow pattern exists in the cross-sectional plane. More recently, direct numerical simulations (DNS) have revealed that the flow field at Reynolds numbers close to transition can be very different; the flow in this ‘marginally turbulent’ regime alternating between two states characterised by four vortices. In this study, we experimentally investigate the onset criteria for transition to turbulence in square ducts. In so doing, we highlight the potential importance of Coriolis effects on this process for low-Ekman-number flows. We also present experimental data on the mean flow properties and turbulence statistics in both marginally and fully turbulent flow at relatively low Reynolds numbers using laser Doppler velocimetry. Results for both flow categories show good agreement with DNS. The switching of the flow field between two flow states at marginally turbulent Reynolds numbers is confirmed by bimodal probability density functions of streamwise velocity at certain distances from the wall as well as joint probability density functions of streamwise and wall normal velocities which feature two peaks highlighting the two states.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: instability, transition to turbulence, turhulence, turbulent flows
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2016 08:39
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2022 21:57
DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2016.314
Open Access URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.314
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3001493