Identification of (poly)phenol treatments that modulate the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines by human lymphocytes



Ford, Christopher T, Richardson, Sian, McArdle, Francis, Lotito, Silvina B, Crozier, Alan, McArdle, Anne and Jackson, Malcolm J ORCID: 0000-0003-3683-8297
(2016) Identification of (poly)phenol treatments that modulate the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines by human lymphocytes. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 115 (10). 1699 - 1710.

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Abstract

Diets rich in fruits and vegetables (FV), which contain (poly)phenols, protect against age-related inflammation and chronic diseases. T-lymphocytes contribute to systemic cytokine production and are modulated by FV intake. Little is known about the relative potency of different (poly)phenols in modulating cytokine release by lymphocytes. We compared thirty-one (poly)phenols and six (poly)phenol mixtures for effects on pro-inflammatory cytokine release by Jurkat T-lymphocytes. Test compounds were incubated with Jurkat cells for 48 h at 1 and 30 µm, with or without phorbol ester treatment at 24 h to induce cytokine release. Three test compounds that reduced cytokine release were further incubated with primary lymphocytes at 0·2 and 1 µm for 24 h, with lipopolysaccharide added at 5 h. Cytokine release was measured, and generation of H2O2 by test compounds was determined to assess any potential correlations with cytokine release. A number of (poly)phenols significantly altered cytokine release from Jurkat cells (P<0·05), but H2O2 generation did not correlate with cytokine release. Resveratrol, isorhamnetin, curcumin, vanillic acid and specific (poly)phenol mixtures reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine release from T-lymphocytes, and there was evidence for interaction between (poly)phenols to further modulate cytokine release. The release of interferon-γ induced protein 10 by primary lymphocytes was significantly reduced following treatment with 1 µm isorhamnetin (P<0·05). These results suggest that (poly)phenols derived from onions, turmeric, red grapes, green tea and açai berries may help reduce the release of pro-inflammatory mediators in people at risk of chronic inflammation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Jurkat cells, Curcumin, Resveratrol, Isorhamnetin, TNF alpha
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2016 10:36
Last Modified: 25 May 2020 19:15
DOI: 10.1017/S0007114516000805
Related URLs:
URI: http://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3002622