Inferring common cognitive mechanisms from brain blood-flow lateralization data: a new methodology for fTCD analysis



Meyer, Georg, Spray, Amy, Fairlie, Jo and Uomini, Natalie
(2014) Inferring common cognitive mechanisms from brain blood-flow lateralization data: a new methodology for fTCD analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 5.

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Abstract

Current neuroimaging techniques with high spatial resolution constrain participant motion so that many natural tasks cannot be carried out. The aim of this paper is to show how a time-locked correlation-analysis of cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) lateralization data, obtained with functional TransCranial Doppler (fTCD) ultrasound, can be used to infer cerebral activation patterns across tasks. In a first experiment we demonstrate that the proposed analysis method results in data that are comparable with the standard Lateralization Index (LI) for within-task comparisons of CBFV patterns, recorded during cued word generation (CWG) at two difficulty levels. In the main experiment we demonstrate that the proposed analysis method shows correlated blood-flow patterns for two different cognitive tasks that are known to draw on common brain areas, CWG, and Music Synthesis. We show that CBFV patterns for Music and CWG are correlated only for participants with prior musical training. CBFV patterns for tasks that draw on distinct brain areas, the Tower of London and CWG, are not correlated. The proposed methodology extends conventional fTCD analysis by including temporal information in the analysis of cerebral blood-flow patterns to provide a robust, non-invasive method to infer whether common brain areas are used in different cognitive tasks. It complements conventional high resolution imaging techniques.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ## TULIP Type: Articles/Papers (Journal) ##
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tower of London, music, temporal patterns, hemodynamics, middle cerebral artery, cued word generation, language, lateralization
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2016 10:07
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2021 08:12
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00552
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3002828