Microwave paleointensities indicate a low paleomagnetic dipole moment at the Permo-Triassic boundary

Anwar, Taslima, Hawkins, Louise, Kravchinsky, Vadim A, Biggin, Andrew J ORCID: 0000-0003-4164-5924 and Pavlov, Vladimir E
(2016) Microwave paleointensities indicate a low paleomagnetic dipole moment at the Permo-Triassic boundary. PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND PLANETARY INTERIORS, 260. pp. 62-73.

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The quantity of igneous material comprising the Siberian Traps provides a uniquely excellent opportunity to constrain Earth's paleomagnetic field intensity at the Permo-Triassic boundary. There remains however, a contradiction about the strength of the magnetic field that is exacerbated by the limited number of measurement data. To clarify the geomagnetic field behavior during this time period, for the first time, a microwave paleointensity study has been carried out on the Permo-Triassic flood basalts in order to complement existing datasets obtained using conventional thermal techniques. Samples, which have been dated at ∼250 Ma, of the Permo-Triassic trap basalts from the northern extrusive (Maymecha-Kotuy region) and the southeastern intrusive (areas of the Sytikanskaya and Yubileinaya kimberlite pipes) localities on the Siberian platform are investigated. These units have already demonstrated reliable paleomagnetic directions consistent with the retention of a primary remanence. Furthermore, Scanning Electron Microscope analysis confirms the presence of iron oxides likely of primary origin. Microwave Thellier-type paleointensity experiments (IZZI protocol with partial thermoremanent magnetization checks) are performed on 50 samples from 11 sites, of which, 28 samples from 7 sites provide satisfactory paleointensity data. The samples display corresponding distinct directional components, positive pTRM checks and little or no zig-zagging of the Arai or Zijderveld plot, providing evidence to support that the samples are not influenced by lab-induced alteration or multi-domain behavior. The accepted microwave paleointensity results from this study are combined with thermal Thellier-type results from previously published studies to obtain overall estimates for different regions of the Siberian Traps. The mean geomagnetic field intensity obtained from the samples of the northern part is 13.4 ± 12.7 μT (Maymecha-Kotuy region), whereas from the southeastern part is 17.3 ± 16.5 μT (Sytikanskaya kimberlite pipe) and 48.5 ± 7.3 μT (Yubileinaya kimberlite pipe), suggesting that the regional discrepancy is probably due to the insufficient sampling of geomagnetic secular variation, and thus, multiple localities need to be considered to obtain an accurate paleomagnetic dipole moment for this time period. It demonstrates that the overall mean paleointensity of the Siberian Traps is 19.5 ± 13.0 μT which corresponds to a mean virtual dipole moment of 3.2 ± 1.8 × 1022 Am2. Results indicate that the average magnetic field intensity during Permo-Triassic boundary is significantly lower (by approximately 50%) than the present geomagnetic field intensity, and thus, it implies that the Mesozoic dipole low might extend 50 Myr further back in time than previously recognized.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Geomagnetic dipole moment, Microwave technique, Paleointensity, Permo-Triassic boundary, Siberian trap basalts
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2016 07:56
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 07:29
DOI: 10.1016/j.pepi.2016.09.007
Open Access URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2016.09.007
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3003621