International validation of a urinary biomarker panel for identification of active lupus nephritis in children.



Smith, EMD, Jorgensen, AL, Midgley, A, Oni, L ORCID: 0000-0002-1532-2390, Goilav, B, Putterman, C, Wahezi, D, Rubinstein, T, Ekdawy, D, Corkhill, R
et al (show 6 more authors) (2017) International validation of a urinary biomarker panel for identification of active lupus nephritis in children. Pediatric Nephrology, 32 (2). 283 - 295.

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Abstract

Conventional markers of juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) disease activity fail to adequately identify lupus nephritis (LN). While individual novel urine biomarkers are good at detecting LN flares, biomarker panels may improve diagnostic accuracy. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of a biomarker panel to identify active LN in two international JSLE cohorts.Novel urinary biomarkers, namely vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), lipocalin-like prostaglandin D synthase (LPGDS), transferrin (TF), ceruloplasmin, alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), were quantified in a cross-sectional study that included participants of the UK JSLE Cohort Study (Cohort 1) and validated within the Einstein Lupus Cohort (Cohort 2). Binary logistic regression modelling and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis [area under the curve (AUC)] were used to identify and assess combinations of biomarkers for diagnostic accuracy.A total of 91 JSLE patients were recruited across both cohorts, of whom 31 (34 %) had active LN and 60 (66 %) had no LN. Urinary AGP, ceruloplasmin, VCAM-1, MCP-1 and LPGDS levels were significantly higher in those patients with active LN than in non-LN patients [all corrected p values (p c) < 0.05] across both cohorts. Urinary TF also differed between patient groups in Cohort 2 (p c = 0.001). Within Cohort 1, the optimal biomarker panel included AGP, ceruloplasmin, LPGDS and TF (AUC 0.920 for active LN identification). These results were validated in Cohort 2, with the same markers resulting in the optimal urine biomarker panel (AUC 0.991).In two international JSLE cohorts, urinary AGP, ceruloplasmin, LPGDS and TF demonstrate an 'excellent' ability for accurately identifying active LN in children.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lupus nephritis, urine biomarkers, Glomerulonephritis, BILAG, Systemic lupus erythematosus
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2016 16:13
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2021 17:10
DOI: 10.1007/s00467-016-3485-3
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3004148