Thalamotemporal impairment in temporal lobe epilepsy: A combined MRI analysis of structure, integrity and connectivity

Keller, Simon ORCID: 0000-0001-5247-9795, O'Muircheartaigh, J, Traynor, C, Towgood, K, Barker, GJ and Richardson, MP
(2014) Thalamotemporal impairment in temporal lobe epilepsy: A combined MRI analysis of structure, integrity and connectivity. Epilepsia, 55 (2). pp. 306-315.

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Objective Thalamic abnormality in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE ) is well known from imaging studies, but evidence is lacking regarding connectivity profiles of the thalamus and their involvement in the disease process. We used a novel multisequence magnetic resonance imaging (MRI ) protocol to elucidate the relationship between mesial temporal and thalamic pathology in TLE . Methods For 23 patients with TLE and 23 healthy controls, we performed T 1‐weighted (for analysis of tissue structure), diffusion tensor imaging (tissue connectivity), and T 1 and T 2 relaxation (tissue integrity) MRI across the whole brain. We used connectivity‐based segmentation to determine connectivity patterns of thalamus to ipsilateral cortical regions (occipital, parietal, prefrontal, postcentral, precentral, and temporal). We subsequently determined volumes, mean tractography streamlines, and mean T 1 and T 2 relaxometry values for each thalamic segment preferentially connecting to a given cortical region, and of the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex. Results As expected, patients had significant volume reduction and increased T 2 relaxation time in ipsilateral hippocampus and entorhinal cortex. There was bilateral volume loss, mean streamline reduction, and T 2 increase of the thalamic segment preferentially connected to temporal lobe, corresponding to anterior, dorsomedial, and pulvinar thalamic regions, with no evidence of significant change in any other thalamic segments. Left and right thalamotemporal segment volume and T 2 were significantly correlated with volume and T 2 of ipsilateral (epileptogenic), but not contralateral (nonepileptogenic), mesial temporal structures. Significance These convergent and robust data indicate that thalamic abnormality in TLE is restricted to the area of the thalamus that is preferentially connected to the epileptogenic temporal lobe. The degree of thalamic pathology is related to the extent of mesial temporal lobe damage in TLE .

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ## TULIP Type: Articles/Papers (Journal) ##
Uncontrolled Keywords: connectivity, brain networks, diffusion tensor imaging, mesial temporal lobe, thalamus
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2016 17:23
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 07:25
DOI: 10.1111/epi.12520
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