Multi-location laser ignition using a spatial light modulator towards improving automotive gasoline engine performance

Kuang, Z, Lyon, E, Cheng, H, Page, V, Shenton, A and Dearden, G ORCID: 0000-0003-0648-7473
(2017) Multi-location laser ignition using a spatial light modulator towards improving automotive gasoline engine performance. Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 90. pp. 275-283.

[img] Text
Multi-location LI paper draft v20 olen review.pdf - Author Accepted Manuscript

Download (1MB)


We report on a study into multi-location laser ignition (LI) with a Spatial Light Modulator (SLM), to improve the performance of a single cylinder automotive gasoline engine. Three questions are addressed: i/ How to deliver a multi-beam diffracted pattern into an engine cylinder, through a small opening, while avoiding clipping? ii/ How much incident energy can a SLM handle (optical damage threshold) and how many simultaneous beam foci could thus be created? ; iii/ Would the multi-location sparks created be sufficiently intense and stable to ignite an engine and, if so, what would be their effect on engine performance compared to single-location LI? Answers to these questions were determined as follows. Multi-beam diffracted patterns were created by applying computer generated holograms (CGHs) to the SLM. An optical system for the SLM was developed via modelling in ZEMAX, to cleanly deliver the multi-beam patterns into the combustion chamber without clipping. Optical damage experiments were carried out on Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) samples provided by the SLM manufacturer and the maximum safe pulse energy to avoid SLM damage found to be 60 mJ. Working within this limit, analysis of the multi-location laser induced sparks showed that diffracting into three identical beams gave slightly insufficient energy to guarantee 100% sparking, so subsequent engine experiments used 2 equal energy beams laterally spaced by 4 mm. The results showed that dual-location LI gave more stable combustion and higher engine power output than single-location LI, for increasingly lean air-fuel mixtures. The paper concludes by a discussion of how these results may be exploited.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Laser ignition, Spatial light modulator, Computer generated hologram, Automotive gasoline engine, Multi-location laser-induced spark
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2016 08:04
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 07:25
DOI: 10.1016/j.optlaseng.2016.10.024
Related URLs: