Non-perturbative measurement of low-intensity charged particle beams

Fernandes, M, Geithner, R, Golm, J, Neubert, R, Schwickert, M, Stoehlker, T, Tan, J and Welsch, CP ORCID: 0000-0001-7085-0973
(2017) Non-perturbative measurement of low-intensity charged particle beams. SUPERCONDUCTOR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 30 (1).

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Non-perturbative measurements of low-intensity charged particle beams are particularly challenging to beam diagnostics due to the low amplitude of the induced electromagnetic fields. In the low-energy antiproton decelerator (AD) and the future extra low energy antiproton rings at CERN, an absolute measurement of the beam intensity is essential to monitor the operation efficiency. Superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) based cryogenic current comparators (CCC) have been used for measuring slow charged beams in the nA range, showing a very good current resolution. But these were unable to measure fast bunched beams, due to the slew-rate limitation of SQUID devices and presented a strong susceptibility to external perturbations. Here, we present a CCC system developed for the AD machine, which was optimised in terms of its current resolution, system stability, ability to cope with short bunched beams, and immunity to mechanical vibrations. This paper presents the monitor design and the first results from measurements with a low energy antiproton beam obtained in the AD in 2015. These are the first CCC beam current measurements ever performed in a synchrotron machine with both coasting and short bunched beams. It is shown that the system is able to stably measure the AD beam throughout the entire cycle, with a current resolution of $30\,\mathrm{nA}$.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: accelerator diagnostics, low-intensity particle beams, cryogenic current comparator, SQUID
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2016 13:19
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2021 08:00
DOI: 10.1088/0953-2048/30/1/015001
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