Reticular synthesis of porous molecular 1D nanotubes and 3D networks



Slater, AG ORCID: 0000-0002-1435-4331, Little, MA, Pulido, A, Chong, SY ORCID: 0000-0002-3095-875X, Holden, D, Chen, L, Morgan, C, Wu, X ORCID: 0000-0001-5549-8836, Cheng, G, Clowes, R
et al (show 5 more authors) (2017) Reticular synthesis of porous molecular 1D nanotubes and 3D networks. Nature Chemistry, 9. 17 - 25.

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Abstract

Synthetic control over pore size and pore connectivity is the crowning achievement for porous metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). The same level of control has not been achieved for molecular crystals, which are not defined by strong, directional intermolecular coordination bonds. Hence, molecular crystallization is inherently less controllable than framework crystallization, and there are fewer examples of ‘reticular synthesis’, in which multiple building blocks can be assembled according to a common assembly motif. Here we apply a chiral recognition strategy to a new family of tubular covalent cages to create both 1D porous nanotubes and 3D diamondoid pillared porous networks. The diamondoid networks are analogous to MOFs prepared from tetrahedral metal nodes and linear ditopic organic linkers. The crystal structures can be rationalized by computational lattice-energy searches, which provide an in silico screening method to evaluate candidate molecular building blocks. These results are a blueprint for applying the ‘node and strut’ principles of reticular synthesis to molecular crystals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crystal engineering, Materials chemistry, Molecular capsules, Self-assembly, Structure prediction
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2017 10:42
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2021 12:25
DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2663
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3005054

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