Improving the use of economics in animal health - Challenges in research, policy and education.

Rushton, Jonathan ORCID: 0000-0001-5450-4202
(2017) Improving the use of economics in animal health - Challenges in research, policy and education. Preventive veterinary medicine, 137 (Pt B). pp. 130-139.

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The way that an economist and an animal health professional use economics differs and creates frustrations. The economist is in search of optimizing resource allocation in the management of animal health and disease problems with metrics associated with the productivity of key societal resources of labour and capital. The animal health professional have a strong belief that productivity can be improved with the removal of pathogens. These differences restrict how well economics is used in animal health, and the question posed is whether this matters. The paper explores the question by looking at the changing role of animals in society and the associated change of the animal health professional's activities. It then questions if the current allocation of scarce resources for animal health are adequately allocated for societies and whether currently available data are sufficient for good allocation. A rapid review of the data on disease impacts - production losses and costs of human reaction - indicate that the data are sparse collected in different times and geographical regions. This limits what can be understood on the productivity of the economic resources used for animal health and this needs to be addressed with more systematic collection of data on disease losses and costs of animal health systems. Ideally such a process should learn lessons from the way that human health has made estimates of the burden of diseases and their capture of data on the costs of human health systems. Once available data on the global burden of animal diseases and the costs of animal health systems would allow assessments of individual disease management processes and the productivity of wider productivity change. This utopia should be aimed at if animal health is to continue to attract and maintain adequate resources.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals, Veterinary Medicine, Research, Education, Veterinary, Economics, Medical
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2017 11:39
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 07:20
DOI: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.11.020
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