KSHV SOX mediated host shutoff: the molecular mechanism underlying mRNA transcript processing

Lee, H, Patschull, AOM, Bagnéris, C, Ryan, H, Sanderson, CM ORCID: 0000-0002-7301-3537, Ebrahimi, B ORCID: 0000-0002-8758-4592, Nobeli, I and Barrett, TE
(2017) KSHV SOX mediated host shutoff: the molecular mechanism underlying mRNA transcript processing. Nucleic Acids Research, 45 (8). pp. 4756-4767.

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Onset of the lytic phase in the KSHV life cycle is accompanied by the rapid, global degradation of host (and viral) mRNA transcripts in a process termed host shutoff. Key to this destruction is the virally encoded alkaline exonuclease SOX. While SOX has been shown to possess an intrinsic RNase activity and a potential consensus sequence for endonucleolytic cleavage identified, the structures of the RNA substrates targeted remained unclear. Based on an analysis of three reported target transcripts, we were able to identify common structures and confirm that these are indeed degraded by SOX in vitro as well as predict the presence of such elements in the KSHV pre-microRNA transcript K12-2. From these studies, we were able to determine the crystal structure of SOX productively bound to a 31 nucleotide K12-2 fragment. This complex not only reveals the structural determinants required for RNA recognition and degradation but, together with biochemical and biophysical studies, reveals distinct roles for residues implicated in host shutoff. Our results further confirm that SOX and the host exoribonuclease Xrn1 act in concert to elicit the rapid degradation of mRNA substrates observed in vivo, and that the activities of the two ribonucleases are co-ordinated.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Herpesvirus 8, Human, RNA-Binding Proteins, RNA, RNA, Messenger, Crystallography, X-Ray, Gene Expression, Protein Conformation, Life Cycle Stages, Host-Pathogen Interactions, SOXB1 Transcription Factors
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 16:22
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 07:19
DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkw1340
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3005474