A leaky model of long-term soil phosphorus dynamics

Boyle, John F ORCID: 0000-0002-1172-1079, Chiverrell, Richard C ORCID: 0000-0002-7307-2756, Norton, Stephen A and Plater, Andy J ORCID: 0000-0001-7043-227X
(2013) A leaky model of long-term soil phosphorus dynamics. GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES, 27 (2). pp. 516-525.

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<jats:p>Soil phosphorus (P) leaks rapidly from newly formed land surfaces to upland rivers and lakes, surface water P concentrations peaking early before declining as soil apatite (Ca<jats:sub>5</jats:sub>(PO<jats:sub>4</jats:sub>)<jats:sub>3</jats:sub>(OH)) becomes depleted. We present lake sediment P profiles that record this leakage through the early Holocene. The results are entirely consistent with our re‐analysis of published soil chronosequence data, but conflict with more recent quantitative interpretations of global soil P dynamics that identify far slower loss rates. P inherited from the bedrock on soil formation, long regarded as the major source for terrestrial ecosystems, only lasts ~10<jats:sup>4</jats:sup> years rather than the previously suggested 10<jats:sup>6</jats:sup> years, and thus is, globally, much less important in the long term than atmospheric supply. This changes the conceptualization of terrestrial P dynamics, with the “terminal steady state” of Walker and Syers (1976) being the norm not the exception, and with soil P export being little if at all controlled by biotic retention mechanisms. High early export of P from newly formed soil causes a peak in the productivity of terrestrial surface waters, before a decline as the soil P pool depletes. Globally, the 18 × 10<jats:sup>6</jats:sup> km<jats:sup>2</jats:sup> of terrain exposed since the Last Glacial Maximum potentially produced a substantial surge in runoff P, with greatest impacts likely in high‐latitude, restricted basin seas and maximal area of deglaciated terrain.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published online June 2013 ## TULIP Type: Articles/Papers (Journal) ##
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phosphorus, model, soil, lake sediment, Holocene, Quaternary
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2017 13:16
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2023 09:37
DOI: 10.1002/gbc.20054
Open Access URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gbc.200...
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3006446