Serial block-face scanning electron microscopy applied to study the trafficking of 8D3-coated gold nanoparticles at the blood-brain barrier



Cabezón, I, Augé, E, Bosch, M, Beckett, AJ ORCID: 0000-0001-8377-325X, Prior, IA ORCID: 0000-0002-4055-5161, Pelegrí, C and Vilaplana, J
(2017) Serial block-face scanning electron microscopy applied to study the trafficking of 8D3-coated gold nanoparticles at the blood-brain barrier. Histochemistry and cell biology, 148 (01). 3 - 12.

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Abstract

Due to the physical and physiological properties of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), the transport of neurotherapeutics from blood to brain is still a pharmaceutical challenge. We previously conducted a series of experiments to explore the potential of the anti-transferrin receptor 8D3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) to transport neurotherapeutics across the BBB. In that study, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were coated with the 8D3 antibody and administered intravenously to mice. Transmission electron microscopy was used and a two-dimensional (2D) image analysis was performed to detect the AuNPs in the brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) and brain parenchyma. In the present work, we determined that serial block-face scanning electron microscopy (SBF-SEM) is a useful tool to study the transcytosis of these AuNPs across the BBB in three dimensions and we, therefore, applied it to gain more knowledge of their transcellular trafficking. The resulting 3D reconstructions provided additional information on the endocytic vesicles containing AuNPs and the endosomal processing that occurs inside BCECs. The passage from 2D to 3D analysis reinforced the trafficking model proposed in the 2D study, and revealed that the vesicles containing AuNPs are significantly larger and more complex than described in our 2D study. We also discuss tradeoffs of using this technique for our application, and conclude that together with other volume electron microscopy imaging techniques, SBF-SEM is a powerful approach that is worth of considering for studies of drug transport across the BBB.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Blood-brain barrier, Receptor-mediated transport, Transferrin receptor, Monoclonal antibodies, SBF-SEM, 3D electron microscopy, Drug delivery
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 13:53
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2021 20:11
DOI: 10.1007/s00418-017-1553-9
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3006591