Radiation effects in Zr and Hf containing garnets

Whittle, Karl R ORCID: 0000-0002-8000-0857, Blackford, Mark G, Smith, Katherine L, Zaluzec, Nestor J, Weyland, Matthew and Lumpkin, Gregory R
(2015) Radiation effects in Zr and Hf containing garnets. JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, 462. 508 - 513.

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Garnets have been considered as host phases for the safe immobilisation of high-level nuclear waste, as they have been shown to accommodate a wide range of elements across three different cation sites, such as Ca, Y, Mn on the a-site, Fe, Al, U, Zr, and Ti on the b-site, and Si, Fe, Al on the c-site. Garnets, due to their ability to have variable composition, make ideal model materials for the examination of radiation damage and recovery in nuclear materials, including as potential waste forms. Kimzeyite, Ca3Zr2FeAlSiO12, has been shown naturally to contain up to 30 wt% Zr, and has previously been examined to elucidate both the structure and ordering within the lattice. This study examines the effects of radiation damage and recovery using in-situ ion beam irradiation with 1 MeV Kr ions at the IVEM-TANDEM facility, Argonne National Laboratory. The complementary Hf containing system Ca3Hf2FeAlSiO12 was also examined, and found to have a different response to irradiation damage. A sample of irradiated Ca3Zr2FeAlSiO12, at 1000 K, was characterised using aberration corrected (S)TEM and found to contain discreet, nano-sized, crystalline Fe rich particles, indicating a competing process during recovery is occurring.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2017 08:59
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2021 06:58
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.02.007
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3006837