Cities and Regional Development in England – a festival of scales and regions?



Sykes, OJ ORCID: 0000-0002-2634-2629 and Nurse, A ORCID: 0000-0003-0325-4420
(2017) Cities and Regional Development in England – a festival of scales and regions? Pôle Sud, 2017 (1).

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Abstract

From the 19th century onwards urbanisation strongly marked the development of Great Britain with a majority of the population already being concentrated into urban areas before the end of the century. Major reform in the 1970s introduced a scale of Metropolitan Counties in the largest English conurbations to address key strategic planning and development issues. However, these were abolished in the 1980s under the regime of Margaret Thatcher. In the 1990s and early 2000s regional development and spatial planning structures emerged at the scale of ‘standard regions’ larger than the metropolitan scale. Yet from the mid-2000s onwards the city-regional scale again rose to prominence in the work of researchers and through initiatives driven by local government cooperation in certain large metropolitan areas – notably Manchester. Since 2010 new structures called Combined Authorities have emerged to oversee development at city-regional scale in a number of large conurbations. City regions have also been given prominence by state initiatives designed to address regional development disparities such as the so-called Northern Powerhouse. This article considers where the current wave of metropolitanisation initiatives fits into the history and trajectory of city and regional development in England.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2017 11:06
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2022 12:07
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3007100

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