MADIX polymerization of vinyl acetate using ethyl acetate as a green solvent; near-complete monomer conversion with molecular weight control



Levere, Martin E, Chambon, Pierre, Rannard, Steve P ORCID: 0000-0002-6946-1097 and McDonald, Tom O ORCID: 0000-0002-9273-9173
(2017) MADIX polymerization of vinyl acetate using ethyl acetate as a green solvent; near-complete monomer conversion with molecular weight control. JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART A-POLYMER CHEMISTRY, 55 (15). pp. 2427-2431.

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Abstract

Macromolecular Design via Interchange of Xanthates (MADIX) polymerization of vinyl acetate in bulk, or solution polymerization (dichloromethane [DCM] or ethyl acetate) was investigated in order to optimize monomer conversion and achieve molecular weight control. All polymerization reactions were performed using a facile approach using 15 mL glass pressure tubes with Teflon screw cap. In all polymerizations, the ratio of [CTA]0/[AIBN]0 was fixed at 1/0.2, the temperature was fixed at 70 °C and the reaction time was fixed at 48 h. The ratio of monomer to MADIX chain transfer agent was varied, starting with 2.0 g of monomer in all polymerizations. First, the MADIX agent S-benzyl-O-ethyl dithiocarbonate was prepared in a single step in 58% yield. Initially, bulk MADIX polymerizations were carried out. In all five polymerizations tested in bulk, the monomer conversion reached a plateau of 81-85% with high reproducibility. The suitability of the green solvent ethyl acetate was also evaluated for the MADIX solution polymerization of vinyl acetate at [M] 0/[CTA] 0 ratios from 0 to 400. The MADIX polymerization of vinyl acetate in the green solvent ethyl acetate produced polymers with near-complete monomer conversion, high molecular weights and allowed targeting of molecular weight. The facile polymerization system allows for ideal control of molecular weight and distribution up to 30,000 g mol-1 and can be adapted to make PVAc up to 100,000 g mol-1.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: gel permeation chromatography (GPC), green chemistry, molecular weight distribution, molar mass distribution, reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT), solution polymerization
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2017 13:04
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 07:05
DOI: 10.1002/pola.28645
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3007174