Remote sensing-based measurement of Living Environment Deprivation: Improving classical approaches with machine learning



Arribas-Bel, D, Patino, JE and Duque, JC
(2017) Remote sensing-based measurement of Living Environment Deprivation: Improving classical approaches with machine learning. PLoS One, 12 (5).

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Abstract

This paper provides evidence on the usefulness of very high spatial resolution (VHR) imagery in gathering socioeconomic information in urban settlements. We use land cover, spectral, structure and texture features extracted from a Google Earth image of Liverpool (UK) to evaluate their potential to predict Living Environment Deprivation at a small statistical area level. We also contribute to the methodological literature on the estimation of socioeconomic indices with remote-sensing data by introducing elements from modern machine learning. In addition to classical approaches such as Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression and a spatial lag model, we explore the potential of the Gradient Boost Regressor and Random Forests to improve predictive performance and accuracy. In addition to novel predicting methods, we also introduce tools for model interpretation and evaluation such as feature importance and partial dependence plots, or cross-validation. Our results show that Random Forest proved to be the best model with an R2 of around 0.54, followed by Gradient Boost Regressor with 0.5. Both the spatial lag model and the OLS fall behind with significantly lower performances of 0.43 and 0.3, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 05 May 2017 09:03
Last Modified: 12 May 2022 18:14
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176684
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176684
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3007255