Genetic Determinants of the Pharmacokinetic Variability of Rifampin in Malawian Adults with Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Sloan, Derek J, McCallum, Andrew D, Schipani, Alessandro, Egan, Deirdre, Mwandumba, Henry C, Ward, Steve A, Waterhouse, David, Banda, Gertrude, Allain, Theresa J, Owen, Andrew ORCID: 0000-0002-9819-7651
et al (show 2 more authors) (2017) Genetic Determinants of the Pharmacokinetic Variability of Rifampin in Malawian Adults with Pulmonary Tuberculosis. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, 61 (7). e00210-e00217.

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Variable exposure to antituberculosis (TB) drugs, partially driven by genetic factors, may be associated with poor clinical outcomes. Previous studies have suggested an influence of the <i>SLCO1B1</i> locus on the plasma area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of rifampin. We evaluated the contribution of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in <i>SLCO1B1</i> and other candidate genes (<i>AADAC</i> and <i>CES-1</i>) to interindividual pharmacokinetic variability in Malawi. A total of 174 adults with pulmonary TB underwent sampling of plasma rifampin concentrations at 2 and 6 h postdose. Data from a prior cohort of 47 intensively sampled, similar patients from the same setting were available to support population pharmacokinetic model development in NONMEM v7.2, using a two-stage strategy to improve information during the absorption phase. In contrast to recent studies in South Africa and Uganda, SNPs in <i>SLCO1B1</i> did not explain variability in AUC<sub>0-∞</sub> of rifampin. No pharmacokinetic associations were identified with <i>AADAC</i> or <i>CES-1</i> SNPs, which were rare in the Malawian population. Pharmacogenetic determinants of rifampin exposure may vary between African populations. <i>SLCO1B1</i> and other novel candidate genes, as well as nongenetic sources of interindividual variability, should be further explored in geographically diverse, adequately powered cohorts.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: tuberculosis, pharmacokinetics, single nucleotide polymorphism, SLCO1B1, AADAC, CES-1
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 17 May 2017 06:33
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2024 14:55
DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00210-17
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