The effect of nitisinone on homogentisic acid and tyrosine: a two-year survey of patients attending the National Alkaptonuria Centre, Liverpool



Milan, Anna M ORCID: 0000-0002-0452-2338, Hughes, Andrew T, Davison, Andrew S ORCID: 0000-0001-5501-4475, Devine, Jean, Usher, Jeannette, Curtis, Sarah, Khedr, Milad ORCID: 0000-0002-4998-2397, Gallagher, James A ORCID: 0000-0002-0852-279X and Ranganath, Lakshminarayan R
(2017) The effect of nitisinone on homogentisic acid and tyrosine: a two-year survey of patients attending the National Alkaptonuria Centre, Liverpool. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry, 54 (3). 323 - 330.

[img] Text
The effect of nitisinone on homogentisic acid and tyrosine A two-year survey of patients attending the National Alkaptonuria Centre, Liverpool.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (338kB)

Abstract

Background Alkaptonuria is a rare, debilitating autosomal recessive disorder affecting tyrosine metabolism. Deficiency of homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase leads to increased homogentisic acid which is deposited as ochronotic pigment. Clinical sequelae include severe early onset osteoarthritis, increased renal and prostate stone formation and cardiac complications. Treatment has been largely based on analgaesia and arthroplasty. The National Alkaptonuria Centre in Liverpool has been using 2 mg nitisinone (NTBC) off-license for all patients in the United Kingdom with alkaptonuria and monitoring the tyrosine metabolite profiles. Methods Patients with confirmed alkaptonuria are commenced on 2 mg dose (alternative days) of NTBC for three months with daily dose thereafter. Metabolite measurement by LC-MS/MS is performed at baseline, day 4, three-months, six-months and one-year post-commencing NTBC. Thereafter, monitoring and clinical assessments are performed annually. Results Urine homogentisic acid concentration decreased from a mean baseline 20,557 µmol/24 h (95th percentile confidence interval 18,446–22,669 µmol/24 h) by on average 95.4% by six months, 94.8% at one year and 94.1% at two year monitoring. A concurrent reduction in serum homogentisic acid concentration of 83.2% compared to baseline was also measured. Serum tyrosine increased from normal adult reference interval to a mean ± SD of 594 ± 184 µmol /L at year-two monitoring with an increased urinary excretion from 103 ± 81 µmol /24 h at baseline to 1071 ± 726 µmol /24 h two years from therapy. Conclusions The data presented represent the first longitudinal survey of NTBC use in an NHS service setting and demonstrate the sustained effect of NTBC on the tyrosine metabolite profile.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alkaptonuria, nitisinone, tyrosine, inborn errors of metabolism
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2017 06:24
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2021 06:48
DOI: 10.1177/0004563217691065
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3007968