The Salience of “New Man” Rhetoric in Romanian Fascist Movements, 1922–44

Clark, RC ORCID: 0000-0003-3292-282X
(2018) The Salience of “New Man” Rhetoric in Romanian Fascist Movements, 1922–44. In: The New Man in Radical Right Ideology and Practice,1919-1945. Bloomsbury,London, pp. 275-294. ISBN 9781474281096

[thumbnail of New Man Rhetoric Copy Edited.docx] Text
New Man Rhetoric Copy Edited.docx - Author Accepted Manuscript

Download (103kB)


Most fascist movements spoke about creating new men in interwar Europe, but they frequently meant different things by the term. This chapter examines the history of the Legion of the Archangel Michael in Romania to show how fascist activists appropriated to achieve specific ends in various contexts. It treats ‘new men’ as a floating signifier that activists employed strategically rather than as an ideologically-driven aspiration that shaped fascist behavior. During the early 1920s, right-wing student activists in Romania spoke of themselves as a new generation of heroes. They transferred this rhetoric of newness into the Legion in 1927 and legionary intellectuals explicitly spoke about ‘new men’ in 1933 as a way of associating themselves with fascist movements elsewhere in Europe. New man rhetoric featured strongly in legionary propaganda between 1935 and Codreanu’s death in 1938, only to be revived for different purposes by the National Legionary State in 1940-41.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fascism, Romania, Legion of the Archangel Michael, Codreanu, New Man
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2018 10:29
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 07:00