International Practice in Care Provision for Post-stroke Visual Impairment

Rowe, Fiona J ORCID: 0000-0001-9210-9131
(2017) International Practice in Care Provision for Post-stroke Visual Impairment. STRABISMUS, 25 (3). pp. 112-119.

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<h4>Purpose</h4>This study sought to explore the practice of orthoptists internationally in care provision for poststroke visual impairment.<h4>Methods</h4>Survey questions were developed and piloted with clinicians, academics, and users. Questions addressed types of visual problems, how these were identified, treated, and followed up, care pathways in use, links with other professions, and referral options. The survey was approved by the institutional ethical committee. The survey was accessed via a web link that was circulated through the International Orthoptic Association member professional organisations to orthoptists.<h4>Results</h4>Completed electronic surveys were obtained from 299 individuals. About one-third (35.5%) of orthoptists saw patients within 2 weeks of stroke onset and over half (55.5%) by 1 month post stroke. Stroke survivors were routinely assessed by 87%; over three-quarters in eye clinics. Screening tools were used by 11%. Validated tests were used for assessment of visual acuity (76.5%), visual field (68.2%), eye movement (80.9%), binocular vision (77.9%), and visual function (55.8%). Visual problems suspected by family or professionals were high (86.6%). Typical overall follow-up period of vision care was less than 3 months. Designated care pathways for stroke survivors with visual problems were used by 56.9% of orthoptists. Information on visual impairment was provided by 85.9% of orthoptists.<h4>Conclusions</h4>In international orthoptic practice, there is general agreement on assessment and management of visual impairment in stroke populations. More than half of orthoptists reported seeing stroke survivors within 1 month of the stroke onset, typically in eye clinics. There was a high use of validated tests of visual acuity, visual fields, ocular motility, and binocular vision. Similarly there was high use of established treatment options including prisms, occlusion, compensatory strategies, and oculomotor training, appropriately targeted at specific types of visual conditions/symptoms. This information can be used to inform choice of core outcome orthoptic measures in stroke practice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Assessment, information, management, screening, stroke, survey, visual impairment
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2017 15:06
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 06:57
DOI: 10.1080/09273972.2017.1349812
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