Brain grey matter volume alterations associated with antidepressant response in major depressive disorder



Liu, Jia, Xu, Xin, Luo, Qiang, Luo, Ya, Chen, Ying, Lui, Su, Wu, Min, Zhu, Hongyan, Kemp, Graham J ORCID: 0000-0002-8324-9666 and Gong, Qiyong
(2017) Brain grey matter volume alterations associated with antidepressant response in major depressive disorder. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7.

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Abstract

Not all patients with major depressive disorder respond to adequate pharmacological therapy. Psychoradiological studies have reported that antidepressant responders and nonresponders show different alterations in brain grey matter, but the findings are inconsistent. The present study reports a meta-analysis of voxel-based morphometric studies of patients with major depressive disorder, both antidepressant responders and nonresponders, using the anisotropic effect size version of Seed-based D Mapping to identify brain regions correlated to clinical response. A systematic search was conducted up to June 2016 to identify studies focussing on antidepressant response. In responders across 9 datasets grey matter volume (GMV) was significantly higher in the left inferior frontal gyrus and insula, while GMV was significantly lower in the bilateral anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the right superior frontal gyrus (SFG). In nonresponders across 5 datasets GMV was significantly lower in the bilateral ACC, median cingulate cortex (MCC) and right SFG. Conjunction analysis confirmed significant differences in the bilateral ACC and right SFG, where GMV was significantly lower in nonresponders but higher in responders. The current study adds to psychoradiology, an evolving subspecialty of radiology mainly for psychiatry and clinical psychology.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2017 06:33
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2021 06:27
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-10676-5
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3009500