Dissecting the native architecture and dynamics of cyanobacterial photosynthetic machinery

Casella, S, HUANG, F, MASON, D ORCID: 0000-0002-8773-5274, ZHAO, G, Johnson, G, Mullineaux, C and Liu, L ORCID: 0000-0002-8884-4819
(2017) Dissecting the native architecture and dynamics of cyanobacterial photosynthetic machinery. Molecular Plant, 10 (11). pp. 1434-1448.

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The structural dynamics and flexibility of cell membranes play fundamental roles in the functions of the cells, i.e., signaling, energy transduction, and physiological adaptation. The cyanobacterial thylakoid membrane represents a model membrane that can conduct both oxygenic photosynthesis and respiration simultaneously. In this study, we conducted direct visualization of the global organization and mobility of photosynthetic complexes in thylakoid membranes from a model cyanobacterium, Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942, using high-resolution atomic force, confocal, and total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy. We visualized the native arrangement and dense packing of photosystem I (PSI), photosystem II (PSII), and cytochrome (Cyt) b6f within thylakoid membranes at the molecular level. Furthermore, we functionally tagged PSI, PSII, Cyt b6f, and ATP synthase individually with fluorescent proteins, and revealed the heterogeneous distribution of these four photosynthetic complexes and determined their dynamic features within the crowding membrane environment using live-cell fluorescence imaging. We characterized red light-induced clustering localization and adjustable diffusion of photosynthetic complexes in thylakoid membranes, representative of the reorganization of photosynthetic apparatus in response to environmental changes. Understanding the organization and dynamics of photosynthetic membranes is essential for rational design and construction of artificial photosynthetic systems to underpin bioenergy development. Knowledge of cyanobacterial thylakoid membranes could also be extended to other cell membranes, such as chloroplast and mitochondrial membranes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cyanobacteria, thylakoid membrane, atomic force microscopy, photosynthesis, fluorescence imaging, protein dynamics
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2017 15:34
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 06:53
DOI: 10.1016/j.molp.2017.09.019
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3009940