The interaction of fatigue cracks with a residual stress field using thermoelastic stress analysis and synchrotron X-ray diffraction experiments



Amjad, K ORCID: 0000-0002-9348-0335, Asquith, D, Patterson, EA ORCID: 0000-0003-4397-2160, Sebastian, CM and Wang, WC
(2017) The interaction of fatigue cracks with a residual stress field using thermoelastic stress analysis and synchrotron X-ray diffraction experiments. Royal Society Open Science, 4 (11).

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Abstract

This article presents an experimental study on the fatigue behaviour of cracks emanating from cold-expanded holes utilizing thermoelastic stress analysis (TSA) and synchrotron X-ray diffraction (SXRD) techniques with the aim of resolving the long-standing ambiguity in the literature regarding potential relaxation, or modification, of beneficial compressive residual stresses as a result of fatigue crack propagation. The crack growth rates are found to be substantially lower as the crack tip moved through the residual stress zone induced by cold expansion. The TSA results demonstrated that the crack tip plastic zones were reduced in size by the presence of the residual compressive stresses induced by cold expansion. The crack tip plastic zones were found to be insignificant in size in comparison to the residual stress zone resulting from cold expansion, which implied that they were unlikely to have had a notable impact on the surrounding residual stresses induced by cold expansion. The residual stress distributions measured along the direction of crack growth, using SXRD, showed no signs of any significant stress relaxation or redistribution, which validates the conclusions drawn from the TSA data. Fractographic analysis qualitatively confirmed the influence on crack initiation of the residual stresses induced by the cold expansion. It was found that the application of single compressive overload caused a relaxation, or reduction in the residual stresses, which has wider implications for improving the fatigue life.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: thermoelastic stress analysis, residual stresses, fatigue cracks, synchrotron X-ray diffraction, fastener holes, cold expansion
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2017 12:09
Last Modified: 06 May 2021 11:19
DOI: 10.1098/rsos.171100
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3011829