Success of a weight loss plan for overweight dogs: The results of an international weight loss study



Flanagan, John, Bissot, Thomas, Hours, Marie-Anne, Moreno, Bernabe, Feugier, Alexandre and German, Alexander J ORCID: 0000-0002-3017-7988
(2017) Success of a weight loss plan for overweight dogs: The results of an international weight loss study. PLoS One, 12 (9).

[img] Text
Success of a weight loss plan for overweight dogs: The results of an international weight loss study.pdf - OA Published Version

Download (2MB)

Abstract

Introduction Obesity is a global concern in dogs with an increasing prevalence, and effective weight loss solutions are required that work in different geographical regions. The main objective was to conduct an international, multi-centre, weight loss trial to determine the efficacy of a dietary weight loss intervention in obese pet dogs. Methods A 3-month prospective observational cohort study of weight loss in 926 overweight dogs was conducted at 340 veterinary practices in 27 countries. Commercially available dry or wet weight loss diets were used, with the initial energy allocation being 250–335 kJ/kg target body weight0.75/day (60–80 kcal/kg target body weight0.75/day) depending on sex and neuter status. The primary outcome measure was percentage weight loss; the main secondary outcomes were changes in activity, quality of life, and food-seeking behaviour, which were subjectively determined from owner descriptions. Results At baseline, median (range) age was 74 (12 to 193) months and median body condition score was 8 (range 7–9). 896 of the 926 dogs (97%) lost weight, with mean weight loss being 11.4 ±5.84%. Sexually intact dogs lost more weight than neutered dogs (P = 0.001), whilst female dogs lost more weight than male dogs (P = 0.007), with the difference being more pronounced in North and South American dogs (median [Q1, Q3]: female: 11.5% [8.5%, 14.5%]; male: 9.1% [6.3%, 12.1%], P = 0.053) compared with those from Europe (female: 12.3% [8.9%, 14.9%]; male: 10.9% [8.6%, 15.4%]). Finally, subjective scores for activity (P<0.001) and quality of life (P<0.001) increased sequentially, whilst scores for food-seeking behaviour decreased sequentially (P<0.001) during the study. Conclusion This is the largest international multi-centre weight loss study conducted to date in obese dogs. Most dogs lost a clinically significant amount of weight, although there were notable differences between dogs of different sex, neuter status and in different geographical locations.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2017 15:33
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2022 07:10
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184199
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3012695