Repeatability of Corneal Elevation Maps in Keratoconus Patients Using the Tomography Matching Method

Zheng, YR, Huang, LF, Zhao, YP, Wang, JJ, Zheng, XB, Huang, W, Geraghty, B ORCID: 0000-0003-0561-6667, Wang, QM, Chen, SH, Bao, FJ
et al (show 1 more authors) (2017) Repeatability of Corneal Elevation Maps in Keratoconus Patients Using the Tomography Matching Method. Scientific Reports, 7 (1).

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To assess repeatability of corneal tomography in successive measurements by Pentacam in keratoconus (KC) and normal eyes based on the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm. The study involved 143 keratoconic and 143 matched normal eyes. ICP algorithm was used to estimate six single and combined misalignment (CM) parameters, the root mean square (RMS) of the difference in elevation data pre (PreICP-RMS) and post (PosICP-RMS) tomography matching. Corneal keratometry, expressed in the form of M, J0 and J45 (power vector analysis parameters), was used to evaluate the effect of misalignment on corneal curvature measurements. The PreICP-RMS and PosICP-RMS were statistically higher (P < 0.01) in KC than normal eyes. CM increased significantly (p = 0.00), more in KC (16.76 ± 20.88 μm) than in normal eyes (5.43 ± 4.08 μm). PreICP-RMS, PosICP-RMS and CM were correlated with keratoconus grade (p < 0.05). Corneal astigmatism J0 was different (p = 0.01) for the second tomography measurements with misalignment consideration (−1.11 ± 2.35 D) or not (−1.18 ± 2.35 D), while M and J45 kept similar. KC corneas consistently show higher misalignments between successive tomography measurements and lower repeatability compared with healthy eyes. The influence of misalignment is evidently clearer in the estimation of astigmatism than spherical curvature. These higher errors appear correlated with KC progression.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cornea, Humans, Keratoconus, Tomography, Corneal Topography, Reproducibility of Results, Female, Male, Young Adult
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2017 08:36
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 06:48
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-17658-7
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