WHO collaborative study to assess the suitability of the 1st International Standard and the 1st International Reference Panel for antibodies to Ebola virus



Wilkinson, DE, Hassall, M, Mattiuzzo, G, Stone, L, Atkinson, E, Hockley, J, Rigsby, P, Di Caro, A, MacLennan, S, Olaussen, RW
et al (show 5 more authors) (2017) WHO collaborative study to assess the suitability of the 1st International Standard and the 1st International Reference Panel for antibodies to Ebola virus. [Report]

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Abstract

A WHO international collaborative study was undertaken to evaluate preparations of Ebola virus disease (EVD) convalescent plasmas for their suitability to serve as the WHO 1st International Standard (IS) and the WHO 1st International Reference Panel (IRP) for Ebola virus antibodies for use in the standardization and control of assays. The study involved participants testing the convalescent plasma sample preparations and additional monoclonal antibody samples in a blinded manner alongside the WHO International Reference Reagent (NIBSC code 15/220) using anti-EBOV assays established in their laboratories. The candidate 1st IS for Ebola virus antibodies (study sample code 92, NIBSC 15/262) consists of ampoules containing the freeze-dried equivalent of 0.5 mL pooled convalescent plasma obtained from six Sierra Leone patients recovered from EVD. The candidate 1st IRP of anti-Ebola virus convalescent plasmas (NIBSC 16/344) consists of freeze-dried preparations of single donations of convalescent plasma obtained from four patients and one healthy blood donor. Each panel member is an ampoule containing the equivalent of 0.25mL plasma. All convalescent plasmas are confirmed PCR-negative for Ebola virus and underwent, along with the negative plasma, solvent detergent (SD) treatment prior to their development into candidate WHO biological reference materials. In this collaborative study, 17 laboratories from 4 countries used a range of live Ebola virus neutralization assays, pseudotyped virus neutralisation assays and enzyme immunoassays to test the collaborative study samples. Surface plasmon resonance and Western blot assessments were also undertaken. The study found that the candidate International Standard has the highest absolute titre among the convalescent plasma samples, although the geometric mean titres of all the convalescent plasmas fall within ~5-fold of each other. The potencies of three of the convalescent samples fall near the detection limit of some assays. This study also demonstrated that the agreement between laboratories for potencies relative to the candidate International Standard represents an improvement compared to the agreement in absolute titres; however, there is poor agreement between relative potencies for some assays. The results obtained from accelerated thermal degradation studies at 1year indicate that the candidate IS is stable and suitable for long-term use. The results of the collaborative study indicate the suitability of the candidates to serve as WHO reference materials and it is proposed that 15/262 is established as the WHO 1st IS for EBOV antibodies with an assigned potency of 1.5 IU/mL when reconstituted as directed in the instructions for use. It is also proposed that 16/344 is established as the WHO 1st IRP of anti-EBOV convalescent plasmas with panel member code 95 (NIBSC 15/280) assigned a unitage of 1.1 IU/mL when reconstituted as directed in the instructions for use. The other panel members have not been assigned a unitage. The implementation and use by laboratories of the proposed WHO reference materials for EBOV antibodies will facilitate the characterization of the factors that contribute to assay variability and standardization of results across assays and laboratories

Item Type: Report
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2017 09:24
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2021 08:11
Open Access URL: http://www.who.int/biologicals/expert_committee/BS...
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3013917