Patterns of BAP1 protein expression provide insights into prognostic significance and the biology of uveal melanoma



Farquhar, Neil, Thornton, Sophie ORCID: 0000-0001-7693-7279, Coupland, Sarah E ORCID: 0000-0002-1464-2069, Coulson, Judy ORCID: 0000-0003-2191-2001, Sacco, Joseph J, Krishna, Yamini, Heimann, Heinrich, Taktak, Azzam, Cebulla, Colleen M, Abdel-Rahman, Mohamed H
et al (show 1 more authors) (2018) Patterns of BAP1 protein expression provide insights into prognostic significance and the biology of uveal melanoma. The Journal of Pathology: Clinical Research, 4 (1). 26 - 38.

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Abstract

Uveal melanoma (UM) is a rare aggressive intraocular tumour with a propensity for liver metastases, occurring in ∼50% of patients. The tumour suppressor BAP1 is considered to be key in UM progression. Herein, we present the largest study to date investigating cellular expression patterns of BAP1 protein in 165 UMs, correlating these patterns to prognosis. Full clinical, histological, genetic, and follow‐up data were available for all patients. BAP1 gene sequencing was performed on a subset of 26 cases. An independent cohort of 14 UMs was examined for comparison. Loss of nuclear BAP1 (nBAP1) protein expression was observed in 54% (88/165) UMs. nBAP1 expression proved to be a significant independent prognostic parameter: it identified two subgroups within monosomy 3 (M3) UM, which are known to have a high risk of metastasis. Strikingly, nBAP1‐positiveM3 UMs were associated with prolonged survival compared to nBAP1‐negative M3 UMs (Log rank, p = 0.014). nBAP1 protein loss did not correlate with a BAP1 mutation in 23% (6/26) of the UMs analysed. Cytoplasmic BAP1 protein (cBAP1) expression was also observed in UM: although appearing ‘predominantly diffuse’ in most nBAP1‐negative UM, a distinct ‘focal perinuclear’ expression pattern – localized immediately adjacent to the cis Golgi – was seen in 31% (18/59). These tumours tended to carry loss‐of‐function BAP1 mutations. Our study demonstrates loss of nBAP1 expression to be the strongest prognostic marker in UM, confirming its importance in UM progression. Our data suggest that non‐genetic mechanisms account for nBAP1 loss in a small number of UMs. In addition, we describe a subset of nBAP1‐negative UM, in which BAP1 is sequestered in perinuclear bodies, most likely within Golgi, warranting further mechanistic investigation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BAP1, uveal melanoma, prognosis, mutation, immunohistochemistry, cytoplasm, Golgi
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 07:47
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 19:11
DOI: 10.1002/cjp2.86
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3015368

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