Common TDP1 Polymorphisms in Relation to Survival among Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients: A Multicenter Study from the International Lung Cancer Consortium



Lohavanichbutr, Pawadee, Sakoda, Lori C, Amos, Christopher I, Arnold, Susanne M, Christiani, David C, Davies, Michael PA ORCID: 0000-0002-7609-4977, Field, John K ORCID: 0000-0003-3951-6365, Haura, Eric B, Hung, Rayjean J, Kohno, Takashi
et al (show 16 more authors) (2017) Common TDP1 Polymorphisms in Relation to Survival among Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients: A Multicenter Study from the International Lung Cancer Consortium. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 23 (24). 7550 - 7557.

[img] Text
TDP1 manuscript_revised.docx - Accepted Version

Download (275kB)

Abstract

Purpose: DNA topoisomerase inhibitors are commonly used for treating small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase (TDP1) repairs DNA damage caused by this class of drugs and may therefore influence treatment outcome. In this study, we investigated whether common TDP1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are associated with overall survival among SCLC patients. Experimental Design: Two TDP1 SNPs (rs942190 and rs2401863) were analyzed in 890 patients from 10 studies in the International Lung Cancer Consortium (ILCCO). The Kaplan–Meier method and Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate genotype associations with overall mortality at 36 months postdiagnosis, adjusting for age, sex, race, and tumor stage. Results: Patients homozygous for the minor allele (GG) of rs942190 had poorer survival compared with those carrying AA alleles, with a HR of 1.36 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.08–1.72, P = 0.01), but no association with survival was observed for patients carrying the AG genotype (HR = 1.04, 95% CI, 0.84–1.29, P = 0.72). For rs2401863, patients homozygous for the minor allele (CC) tended to have better survival than patients carrying AA alleles (HR = 0.79; 95% CI, 0.61–1.02, P = 0.07). Results from the Genotype Tissue Expression (GTEx) Project, the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE), and the ePOSSUM web application support the potential function of rs942190. Conclusions: We found the rs942190 GG genotype to be associated with relatively poor survival among SCLC patients. Further investigation is needed to confirm the result and to determine whether this genotype may be a predictive marker for treatment efficacy of DNA topoisomerase inhibitors.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2018 15:50
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2021 08:20
DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-1401
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3016626