Visual Impairment Screening Assessment (VISA) tool: pilot validation

Rowe, Fiona ORCID: 0000-0001-9210-9131, Hepworth, LR ORCID: 0000-0001-8542-9815, Hanna, Kerry ORCID: 0000-0001-7357-7749 and Howard, claire
(2018) Visual Impairment Screening Assessment (VISA) tool: pilot validation. BMJ Open, 8 (3). e020562-.

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Objective To report and evaluate a new Vision Impairment Screening Assessment (VISA) tool intended for use by the stroke team to improve identification of visual impairment in stroke survivors. Design Prospective case cohort comparative study. Setting Stroke units at two secondary care hospitals and one tertiary centre. Participants 116 stroke survivors were screened, 62 by naïve and 54 by non-naïve screeners. Main outcome measures Both the VISA screening tool and the comprehensive specialist vision assessment measured case history, visual acuity, eye alignment, eye movements, visual field and visual inattention. Results Full completion of VISA tool and specialist vision assessment was achieved for 89 stroke survivors. Missing data for one or more sections typically related to patient’s inability to complete the assessment. Sensitivity and specificity of the VISA screening tool were 90.24% and 85.29%, respectively; the positive and negative predictive values were 93.67% and 78.36%, respectively. Overall agreement was significant; k=0.736. Lowest agreement was found for screening of eye movement and visual inattention deficits. Conclusions This early validation of the VISA screening tool shows promise in improving detection accuracy for clinicians involved in stroke care who are not specialists in vision problems and lack formal eye training, with potential to lead to more prompt referral with fewer false positives and negatives. Pilot validation indicates acceptability of the VISA tool for screening of visual impairment in stroke survivors. Sensitivity and specificity were high indicating the potential accuracy of the VISA tool for screening purposes. Results of this study have guided the revision of the VISA screening tool ahead of full clinical validation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Vision Disorders, Eye Movements, Vision Tests, Mass Screening, Sensitivity and Specificity, Prospective Studies, Pilot Projects, Reproducibility of Results, Attention, Visual Acuity, Visual Fields, Survivors, Hospital Departments, Referral and Consultation, Stroke
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2018 15:32
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 06:38
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020562
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