Biomechanical behaviour - Anisotropy of eye cornea through experimental strip tests



Khan, Mohammad Arsalan, Elsheikh, Ahmed ORCID: 0000-0001-7456-1749 and Khan, Iqtedar Ahmad
(2018) Biomechanical behaviour - Anisotropy of eye cornea through experimental strip tests. .

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Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>With the advent of research it was identified that material properties are responsible for errors in tonometry pressure (referred to as Goldmann IOP or IOPG) with the stiffening of a composite structure of corneal tissue in particular. Strip tensile tests are conducted to determine their stress–strain relationship for the purpose to study the behaviour of material properties of cornea. Specimens are taken from the superior–inferior (vertical) and temporal– nasal (horizontal) directions. Testing is performed on an Instron machine, under different rate of loading conditions. First set of experiment, with single strain rate, is executed on eyes having random population. While the second set of experiment is executed on eyes of the same animal in both directions, and different strain rates are applied each specimen. Relatively, the first set of experiment is found to be slightly different and less accurate. In general, it is found that the vertical specimen is 34% on an average stiffer than the horizontal specimen compared to Kampmeier et al. of 20% (studied in 2000) and Defu Wang of 15% (studied in 2007). Curve fitting coefficients are also evaluated for 4–degree polynomial. The anisotropy is evident by plotting the ratio of E–tangent value of vertical Ev and horizontal Eh against stresses with individual strain rates. The value of Ev/Eh increases with slightly slow rate with stresses as compared to achieved through slow strain rates.</jats:p>

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Unspecified)
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2018 08:20
Last Modified: 26 May 2023 21:11
DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/310/1/012075
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3019405