High prevalence of latent tuberculosis and bloodborne virus infection in a homeless population

Aldridge, Robert W, Hayward, Andrew C, Hemming, Sara, Yates, Susan K, Ferenando, Gloria, Possas, Lucia, Garber, Elizabeth, Watson, John M, Geretti, Anna Maria ORCID: 0000-0002-3670-6588, McHugh, Timothy Daniel
et al (show 2 more authors) (2018) High prevalence of latent tuberculosis and bloodborne virus infection in a homeless population. THORAX, 73 (06). pp. 557-564.

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Introduction Urban homeless populations in the UK have been shown to have high rates of active tuberculosis, but less is known about the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of LTBI among individuals using homeless hostels in London. Methods We performed a cross-sectional survey with outcome follow-up in homeless hostels in London. Our primary outcome was prevalence of LTBI. Recruitment for the study took place between May 2011 and June 2013. To estimate an LTBI prevalence of 10% with 95% CIs between 8% and 13%, we required 500 participants. Results 491/804 (61.1%) individuals agreed to be screened. The prevalence of LTBI was 16.5% (81/491; 95% CI 13.2 to 19.8). In UK-born individuals, a history of incarceration was associated with increased risk of LTBI (OR 3.49; 95% CI 1.10 to 11.04; P=0.018) after adjusting for age, length of time spent homeless and illicit drug use. Of the three subjects who met English treatment guidelines for LTBI at the time of the study, none engaged with services after referral for treatment. Prevalence of past hepatitis B infection was 10.4% (51/489; 95% CI 7.7 to 13.1), and 59.5% (291/489; 95% CI 55.1 to 63.9) of individuals were non-immune. Prevalence of current hepatitis C infection was 10.4% (51/489; 95% CI 7.8 to 13.1). Conclusions This study demonstrates the high prevalence of LTBI in homeless people in London and the associated poor engagement with care. There is a large unmet need for LTBI and hepatitis C infection treatment, and hepatitis B vaccination, in this group.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV Infections, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Cross-Sectional Studies, Adult, Middle Aged, London, Female, Male, Latent Tuberculosis, Ill-Housed Persons
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2018 15:40
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2023 22:03
DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2016-209579
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3019673