The effect of ageing and osteoarthritis on the mechanical properties of cartilage and bone in the human knee joint

Peters, Abby, Akhtar, Riaz ORCID: 0000-0002-7963-6874, Comerford, Eithne ORCID: 0000-0002-5244-6042 and Bates, Karl ORCID: 0000-0002-0048-141X
(2018) The effect of ageing and osteoarthritis on the mechanical properties of cartilage and bone in the human knee joint. Scientific Reports, 8.

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Osteoarthritis is traditionally associated with cartilage degeneration although is now widely accepted as a whole-joint disease affecting the entire osteochondral unit; however site-specific cartilage and bone material properties during healthy ageing and disease are absent limiting our understanding. Cadaveric specimens (n = 12; 31–88 years) with grades 0–4 osteoarthritis, were dissected and spatially correlated cartilage, subchondral and trabecular bone samples (n = 8 per cadaver) were harvested from femoral and tibial localities. Nanoindentation was utilised to obtain cartilage shear modulus (G′) and bone elastic modulus (E). Cartilage G′ is strongly correlated to age (p = 0.003) and osteoarthritis grade (p = 0.007). Subchondral bone E is moderately correlated to age (p = 0.072) and strongly correlated to osteoarthritis grade (p = 0.013). Trabecular bone E showed no correlation to age (p = 0.372) or osteoarthritis grade (p = 0.778). Changes to cartilage G′ was significantly correlated to changes in subchondral bone E (p = 0.007). Results showed preferential medial osteoarthritis development and moderate correlations between cartilage G′ and sample location (p = 0.083). Also demonstrated for the first time was significant correlations between site-matched cartilage and subchondral bone material property changes during progressive ageing and osteoarthritis, supporting the role of bone in disease initiation and progression. This clinically relevant data indicates a causative link with osteoarthritis and medial habitual loading.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atomic force microscopy, Rheumatic diseases, Tissue engineering
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2018 08:53
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2022 23:10
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-24258-6
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