Factors behind the variability of phosphorus accumulation in Finnish lakes

Tammeorg, Olga, Haldna, Marina, Noges, Peeter, Appleby, Peter ORCID: 0000-0002-6945-1841, Mols, Tonu, Niemisto, Juha, Tammeorg, Priit and Horppila, Jukka
(2018) Factors behind the variability of phosphorus accumulation in Finnish lakes. JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS, 18 (5). pp. 2117-2129.

[img] Text
Tammeorg et al (2018).pdf - Author Accepted Manuscript

Download (682kB)


Purpose: Phosphorus retention (TPacc) is one of the major water quality regulators in lakes. The current study aimed at ascertaining the specific lake characteristics regulating TPacc. Moreover, we were interested whether NAO (North Atlantic Oscillation), a proxy of climatic forcing, can explain variability in TPacc, additionally to that ascribed to lake characteristics. Materials and methods: Sediment cores were obtained from 21 Finnish lakes, subject to radiometric dating and measurements of TP concentrations. Principal components (PCs) were generated using lake characteristics that are usually included into the modelling of TPacc (e.g. lake area, lake depth, catchment area, P inflow) but also the parameters that the classical models usually missed (e.g. anoxic factor). We used significant principal components (PCs), specific combinations of lake characteristics and monthly NAO values as predictors of TPacc. Results and discussion: Lake characteristics explained the bulk of TPacc variability. The most influential factors (positive drivers) behind TPacc included PC1 (representing mainly deep lakes), PC2 (small lakes with high levels of anoxia and water column stability), PC3 (productive lakes with large catchment area and short water residence time), PC4 (lakes with high water column stability, low anoxic factor and relatively high sediment focusing) and PC5 (lakes with high levels of P inflow, anoxia and long water residence time). Additionally, we found a potential negative effect of NAO in October on the annual TPacc. This NAO was significantly positively related to temperatures in surface and near-bottom water layer (also their difference) in autumn, suggesting the possible implications for the internal P dynamics. Increased mineralization of organic matter is the most likely explanation for the reduced TPacc associated with NAO-driven water temperature increase. Conclusions: The analysis presented here contributes to the knowledge of the factors controlling P retention. Moreover, this spatially and temporally comprehensive sediment data can potentially be a valuable source for modelling climate change implications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lake characteristics, Lakes, NAO, Phosphorus accumulation rate, Phosphorus retention
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2018 10:35
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 06:34
DOI: 10.1007/s11368-018-1973-8
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3021101