Consideration of urban green space in impact assessments for health



Fischer, Thomas B ORCID: 0000-0003-1436-1221, Jha-Thakur, Urmila, Fawcett, Peter, Clement, Sarah ORCID: 0000-0002-5422-622X, Hayes, Samuel ORCID: 0000-0002-6409-2261 and Nowacki, Julie
(2018) Consideration of urban green space in impact assessments for health. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 36 (1). 32 - 44.

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Abstract

This paper explores how health aspects connected with the planning of urban green space are currently supported through two types of impact assessments: health impact assessment (HIA) and environmental assessment, including strategic environmental assessment (SEA) of policies, plans and programmes and environmental impact assessment (EIA) of projects. Seven HIAs and five EIAs/SEAs from the UK, the US, the Netherlands, Austria and Germany are reviewed, using an analytical framework designed on the basis of a literature review. An important finding is that whilst all HIAs follow a problem-/objectives-driven approach, designing guidelines for potential future projects, all EIAs/SEAs use an impact-driven approach, focusing on the impacts of planned and concrete action. HIAs therefore approach policy, plan, programme and project-making exercises from the outside, making suggestions to those working on them to consider certain aspects in the future, rather than working with them on improving things within a decision-making process, as is usually is usually the case with EIAs/SEAs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: peerreview_statement: The publishing and review policy for this title is described in its Aims & Scope. aims_and_scope_url: http://www.tandfonline.com/action/journalInformation?show=aimsScope&journalCode=tiap20
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 16 May 2018 13:03
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2022 19:13
DOI: 10.1080/14615517.2017.1364021
Open Access URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/146155...
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3021358

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