Serum Amino Acid Profiling in Patients with Alkaptonuria Before and After Treatment with Nitisinone.



Davison, AS, Norman, BP, Smith, EA, Devine, J, Usher, J, Hughes, AT, Khedr, M ORCID: 0000-0002-4998-2397, Milan, AM, Gallagher, JA ORCID: 0000-0002-0852-279X and Ranganath, LR
(2018) Serum Amino Acid Profiling in Patients with Alkaptonuria Before and After Treatment with Nitisinone. JIMD reports, 41. 109 - 117.

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Abstract

<h4>Background</h4>Alkaptonuria (AKU) is a rare inherited disorder of the tyrosine metabolic pathway. Our group is evaluating the use of the homogentisic acid-lowering agent nitisinone in patients with AKU. A major biochemical consequence of this treatment is hypertyrosinaemia. Herein we report the concentration of 20 serum amino acids over a 36-month period pre- and post-treatment with nitisinone.<h4>Methods</h4>Fasting serum samples were collected at baseline (pre-nitisinone), 3 (2 mg nitisinone every other day), 6, 12, 24 and 36 (2 mg nitisinone daily) months. Amino acids were measured using the Biochrom 30 high-performance liquid chromatography cation exchange system with ninhydrin detection.<h4>Results</h4>Fifty patients [21 female, mean age (±standard deviation) 54.1 (15.6) years (range 25-75); 29 male, mean age 49.3 (11.6) years (range 22-70 years)] were included. Following treatment mean tyrosine concentrations increased seven- to eight-fold (baseline, 69.8 μmol/L; 3 months, 670.7 μmol/L; 6 months, 666.4 μmol/L; 12 months, 692.9 μmol/L; 24 months, 649.4 μmol/L; 36 months, 724.8 μmol/L, p = <0.001 for all visits compared to baseline).At baseline mean phenylalanine, aspartic acid and arginine were outside the normal reference range. Following treatment the ratios of phenylalanine/tyrosine, phenylalanine/large neutral amino acids, arginine/branched chain amino acids and branched chain/aromatic amino acids decreased (p = <0.05), and the tyrosine/large neutral amino acid ratio increased (p = <0.0001).<h4>Conclusions</h4>Marked hypertyrosinaemia was observed following treatment with nitisinone. Noteworthy changes were also observed in the ratio of several amino acids following treatment with nitisinone suggesting that the availability of amino acids for neurotransmitter biosynthesis and liver function may be altered following treatment with nitisinone.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 18 May 2018 15:20
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2021 07:10
DOI: 10.1007/8904_2018_109
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3021473